Black Sea Scientific Journal Of Academic Research

Perspective - (2023) Volume 60, Issue 2


Kamara Lucciano*
Department of Arts, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
*Correspondence: Kamara Lucciano, Department of Arts, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Email:

Received: May 11, 2023, Manuscript No. BSSJAR- 23- 98384; Editor assigned: May 15, 2023, Pre QC No. BSSJAR- 23- 98384(PQ); Reviewed: May 29, 2023, QC No. BSSJAR- 23- 98384; Revised: Jun 05, 2023, Manuscript No. BSSJAR- 23- 98384(R); Published: Jun 12, 2023, DOI: 10.36962/GBSSJAR/60.2.001

About the Study

Demographic analysis examines and measures the dimensions and dynamics of populations, which may be applied to entire societies or particular groups depending on criteria such as education, nationality, religion, and ethnicity. Despite the presence of distinct departments of demography, educational institutions frequently treat demography as a branch of sociology. These approaches were developed primarily to study human populations, but they are now utilized in a variety of different areas where researchers are interested in how populations of social actors may change over time as a result of events such as birth, death, and migration. Demographic analysis examines administrative data to get an unbiased population estimate in the context of human biological populations. Estimates derived from demographic studies are usually regarded as a reliable benchmark for evaluating the reliability of census data obtained at any particular time. The focus of population ecology is on the birth, death, migration, and immigration of individuals in a population of living creatures; however, mobility of enterprises and institutional structures might be included in social human sciences. In the labour force, demographic analysis is used to assess the sizes and movements of worker populations. A variety of scenarios necessitate the use of demographic analysis. It is commonly used in business planning, for example, to highlight the population connected with the firm's location. The phrase "Demographic Analysis" or "DA" is commonly used. For the 2010 census, the United States Census Bureau has expanded its DA categories. As part of the 2010 U.S. Census, DA presently compares independent housing estimates and census address lists at many key time periods (Pandey 2011).


Patients provide the essential data for any medical facility, including patient demographics, emergency contact information, and medical record data. They allow for the identification and classification of patients for statistical analysis. Patient demographics include date of birth, gender, date of death, postal code, ethnicity, blood type, emergency contacts, primary care physician, insurance provider information, allergies, notable diagnoses, and significant medical history. Unlike the broader field of social demography or population studies, which investigates the relationships between economic, social, institutional, cultural, and biological variables affecting a population, formal demography focuses on the measurement of population activities (James 2008).


Demography is the statistical and mathematical study of the size, composition, and spatial distribution of human populations, as well as how these characteristics change over time. Data is collected through registers, which keep account of events like as births, deaths, migrations, marriages, divorces, sicknesses, and jobs, as well as population censuses. To do so, you must understand the four concepts of population change, standardisation of population figures, the demographic accounting equation, and population composition, as well as how they are computed and the issues they address (Mathews et al. 2005). Each of the two types of data gathering techniques, direct and indirect, has its own set of strategies.

Direct methods: Direct data is provided by vital statistics registries, which maintain track of all births, deaths, and legal status changes such as marriage, divorce, and migration. In industrialised countries with good birth and death registration systems, registry statistics are the most accurate approach to determine the number of births and deaths. A census is another common direct method for acquiring demographic statistics. The national government frequently conducts a census, which tries to count every individual in a country. Censuses are typically held every ten years or so and are thus not necessarily the most reliable source of data on births and deaths. Vital statistics data, on the other hand, are normally collected on a continuous basis and summed on an annual basis. Following a census, assessments are done to evaluate the extent of undercounting or overcounting. These compare the sex ratios predicted by mortality and natural value statistics to those predicted by census data. More than only people are tallied in a census. They often collect data about families or households, in addition to individual criteria such as age, gender, marital status, literacy or education, work status and occupation, and geographic area. They might also collect data on citizenship, nationality, language, and migration. Censuses are also used as a direct source of data on fertility and mortality in countries where the vital registration system is untrustworthy. Censuses of the People's Republic of China, for example, collect information on births and deaths that occurred in the 18 months before the census (Branum et al. 2009).

Indirect methods: When comprehensive data are unavailable, as is the case for the vast majority of historical demography and the majority of the developing world, indirect data gathering techniques must be utilized. One of these modern demography approaches is the sister method, in which survey researchers ask women how many of their sisters have died or given birth, and at what age. Using these surveys, researchers may then compute the population's birth and death rates indirectly. In modern demography, another indirect technique is to ask people about their siblings, parents, and children. Further indirect approaches in historical demography are required. For population dynamics, there are numerous demographic modelling tools. Among those included are models for mortality, fertility, marriage, disability, population growth, and forecasting. For many years, they have been monitoring samples of people's lives and are still operational. Because the samples were obtained in a nationally representative way, these studies may be used to draw conclusions about the differences across four generations of British people in terms of their health, education, attitudes, childbearing, and work patterns. When there aren't many occurrences in a small population, indirect standardisation is used. A Standardised Mortality Rate (SMR) or Standardised Incidence Rate (SIR) must be calculated in this case (Basu et al. 2003).